A Note on Focal Theme

XXXI INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS 01 PREAMBLE The Indian Academy of Social Sciences (ISSA) shall hold 31st session of the Indian Social Science Congress (ISSC) under the auspices of SNDT Women’s University and Bhimarao Ambedkar Institute of Social And Economic Change between December 27 and 31, 2007 with a view to discovering, developing and disseminating science of Nature-Man-Society in Indian conditions in particular, and world conditions in general, which is capable of creating a new democratic world where all men, women and children enjoy higher quality of material, social, cultural, spiritual and healthy life without fear of discrimination, oppression and exploitation while living in peace and harmony with Nature and Society. 02 THE INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS Since science as an objective knowledge of living and non-living things, is social, Indian Social Science Congress strives to bring all branches of science together under its umbrella with a view to building science of Nature-Man-Society in Indian conditions in particular, and in world conditions in general. All branches of science – social, historical, philosophical, linguistics, juridical, physical, chemical, biological, mathematical, ecological, environmental, medical, health, agricultural, engineering, biotechnological, computer and information technological are represented through 26 Intradisciplinary and 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees in it. Since there is no scientific literature in Indian languages even after 60 years of India’s independence which has telling effect on the quality of science education and research in our country, the Indian Social Science Congress strives to produce scientific literature in forms of monographs, books and proceedings in all Indian languages. Building bridges between universities/colleges/institutes/laboratories and peoples and the society is another vital object of the ISSC. First Indian Social science Congress was held in February 1976 at Allahabad. Since then it has been held every year regularly. So far 30 sessions of it have been held in different parts of India and the 31st session is scheduled to be held in December 27-31, 2007 at Mumbai. Details of all the previous sessions are given on page 57. The University Grants Commission recognizes Indian Social Science Congress on par with Indian Science Congress. All the creative minds find Indian Social Science Congress as a most creative and stimulating national forum of science for creative and democratic interactions, exchanges, dialogues and discourses on all scientific issues of theoretical and methodological significance. Each session of ISSC has a focal theme and numerous other themes. A National Academic Planning Committee (NAPC) comprising the eminent scientists, social activists, policy planners, Vice-chancellors and Directors steers the formulation of details of the focal theme and academic programmes. A Task Force appraises and integrates the deliberations. Numerous pre-and-post ISSC local, regional and nationals symposia, seminars, colloquia are held throughout the year. Quite a large number of universities, colleges and institutes are actively involved in it. 03 FOCAL THEME Since the People of India are celebrating 2007 as the 150 years of their struggles and movements for freedom/independence since 1857, the Indian Academy of Social Sciences has resolved to focus the deliberations of the 31st session of the Indian Social Science Congress on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’. A note on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ prepared by the National Academic Planning Committee (NAPC) is given on page 10 for reference to all those who wish to write and participate in the 31st Indian Social science Congress. There shall be several plenaries, intradisciplinary, intradisciplinary and multidisciplinary, symposia/seminars/colloquia Special Lecturers prior to, during and after the 31st Indian Social Science Congress. The ensuing pages provide the thematic details of it. 04 PLENARY THEMES It is proposed to hold following plenaries on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ during the 31st Indian Social Science Congress: 1. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Economic Equality 2. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Democracy and full Civil Liberties / Human Rights. 3. Peoples’ Science & Technology Movements for Alternate / New Paradigm of Science & Technology for Equitable Society. 4. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Gender/ Racial/ Caste-discrimination-free Equitable Society. 5. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Pollution – Free Harmonious Ecological Society / Ecological Social System/Environmental Equity. 6. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a New Democratic and Scientific System of Education for All/Common School/Non-Commercial Education.. 7. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Health Education and Health Care for All. 8. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Mass Destruction Weapon-Free and Violence – Free Equitable Society. 9. Redefining the Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Equitable Society/Novel Ideas & Models of Movements Equitable Society. 05 INTRADISCIPLINARY RESEARCH COMMITTEES There are 26 Intradisciplinary Research Committees in the Indian Socizl science Congress. Each Committee has a chairperson, a co-chairperson, a convener, a co-convener and 15-25 members from all over India. (see page 13-18) Each Research Committee is expected (a) to undertake appraisal and integration of current research and theory within it; ((b) to strive to discover, develop and disseminate new theory and method; (c) to evolve new methods and theory for improving teaching and research in universities, colleges and research institutes and (d) to undertake preparation and publication of good monographs and books in all Indian languages for improving the quality of science education and research through Indian languages. The Committee functions through correspondence and meets once in a year during the Indian Social Science Congress. Each Research Committee has two kinds of academic programmes during the Indian Social Science Congress. These are: one, symposia/seminars/colloquia/special lectures on some aspects of the focal theme or on the theme chosen by the given RC. Two, research papers received from the research scientists. All the research scientists doing research on issues and areas of their concern are welcome to present their papers at the ISSC. The details of all the 26 RCs and proposed sub-themes of the focal theme, ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ are given below: 01. Agricultural Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Agrarian Struggles and Movements For Equitable Agrarian Relations and Policies/Movements Against Special Economic Zones/Terminator Gene Seeds/Agribusiness/Organic Farming, Cooperative Farming 02. Anthropology Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Unity of Man-Society-Nature/Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Preservation And Flowering of Their Identities and Culture/Tribal Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society/Indigenous peoples’ struggles and movements. 03. Biomedical Science, Social Medicine and Community Health Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a New Market Free Health Science Education and Health Care for All/Rational and Low Cost Drugs/Medical Ethics. 04. Biotechnology Research Committee: Social Applications And Ethics of Biotechnology. Peoples’-Friendly Biotechnology/Market-free Biotechnology. 05. Commerce Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements against unfair trade and commercial practices including WTO, IPR etc. 06. Communication and Journalism Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Corporate Control-free science-based mass media-communication. Peoples Media For Equitable Society. 07. Computer Science and Information Technology Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements against Digital Divide and for free hardware and software Information Technology. 08. Defence and Strategic Studies Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for A Violence-free Democratic Defence Strategy/Pugwash/Disarmament/ Mass Weapon Destruction Free World. Toward A New Theory of Defence of the Equitable Society. 09. Ecology And Environmental Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Ecological and Environmental Equality Protection/Chipko/Silent Valley/Green House Movements. New Ecosystem of the Equitable Society. 10. Economics Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Economic Equality/Full Employment, Reduction of Disparity, Removal of Poverty, Privatization of Peoples’ Property and Public Production System. New Political Economy of the Equitable Society. 11. Education Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Democratic Scientific Education for All/Common School/Free Education. 12. Geography Research Committee: Spatial Pattern & Analysis of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for an Equitable Social Order in the World in General and in India in Particular. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Community Management of Land, Forest and Mines. 13. History, Archaeology and Culture Research Committee: History of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a Equitable and Just Society/History of Indian Peoples Struggle And Movements since 1957. Comprehending the Contemporary Historical Processes of Peoples Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 14. Home Science Research Committee: Peoples’s Struggles and Movements for Nutrition, Health and Quality of Life, Family In the Equitable Society. The concept of happy home Peoples’ movements for protection of children. 15. International Relations Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Domination-free Democratic International Relations. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements Against Imperialism/Colonialism. Peoples’ Sruggles & Movements for House. 16. Juridical Science (Law): Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Justice to All. New Democratic Jurisprudence of the Equitable Society. 17. Linguistics Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for flowering of their languages/Equal Opportunities for Growth of All Languages. 18. Management Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Equitable Share in Production and Distribution/A New Paradigm of People-Oriented or Peoples’- Management Science of the Equitable Society. 19. Philosophy Research Committee: Philosophy of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society/Peoples’ Movements against increasing Immorality and Unethical practices in the Society. 20. Political Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Their Sovereignty; Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Civil Liberties And Human Rights; Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a Democratic Society. Nature And role of State in Formation of Equitable Society. Nature of State in The Equitable Society. 21. Population Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Higher Quality of Life/Peoples’ Movements Against Infant Mortality and Morbidity. 22. Psychology Research Committee: Psychology of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society: From Psychology of Domination/Competition to Psychology of Co-operation/Psychology of Democratic Needs and Aspirations of Peoples’ Struggles And Movements, Psychology Equality. 23. Science & Technology Policy Research Committee: Peoples’ Science Movements For A New Democratic Science Policy: From Market-oriented Science & Technology to Peoples’- oriented Science/Science of Global Warming/The Planet Earth, Peoples, Society and Science.. 24. Social Works Research Committee: Social Work For The Equitable Society/Principles of Non-Governmental Organisations’ – led Peoples’ Movements/Redefining The Roles of Social Work In Peoples Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. Social Engineering of Equitable Society. 25. Sociology Research Committee: Sociology of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society. 26. Statistics & Mathematics Research Committee: Quantifying And Measuring the Peoples’ Struggles and Movements/underlying pattern in Peoples’. Movements For Equitable Society. Making Mathematics Popular. 06 MULTIDISCIPLINARY THEMATIC RESEARCH COMMITTEES There are 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committee in the Indian Social science Congress. Each of these have a chairperson or Convener and 10-15 members. Scientists of different disciplines doing research on the common theme are encouraged to engage in interactive exchanges and communication with a view to discovering common language, common method and common theory (see pp 19-23). The details of all the 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees are as follows: CODE MULTIDISCIPLINARY THEMATIC RESEARCH COMMITTEES 1. The Political Economy of India 2. Peasants, Agriculture, Technology & Market Forces 3. Survival and Growth of Small Industries and Small Producers 4. Global Capital, Multinational Corporation And Industrial Development 5. Democracy And Human Rights in Today’s Global World 6. State, Society And Peoples 7. Democratic Politics, Political Parties and Democratic Political Institutions 8. Ecological And Environmental Protection Studies And Movements 9. Global Market Forces, Social Policies, Welfare Programmes And Social Justice 10. Education, Skill Formation And Utilization 11. Creativity, Innovations And Discoveries 12. Social Processes And Social Structures In Globalised World 13. Peoples' Health and Quality of Life in Globalised World 14. Peoples’ Liberation Struggles And Movements For New Democratic Discrimination –Free World Order (Dalits, Tribals, Women, Peasants, etc.) 15. Socio-Economic-Linguistics, Communal Conflicts And Violence 16. Information Technology, Mass Media And Culture 17. Social Alienation of Modern Man 18. Development of Indian Languages, Linguistic Unity And Diversity 19. Cultural Heritage: Archaeological Excavations and Preservation of Historical Monuments 20. Population, Poverty And Migration In Global World 21. Labour In Organized And Unorganized Sectors of Global Economy 22. Diffusion, Propagation And Communication of Science 23. Natural Resources, Bio-diversity And Geographic Information System 24. Patent Laws And Intellectual Property Rights 25. World Organizations, World Trade and Commerce (UNO, UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, G-8, G-15, Regional Groups, WTO etc) 26. Conflicts, War, Peace And Social Security In Globalised World 27. Science, Technology And Peoples Development 28. Nation-States And Emerging Challenges 29. Imperialism, Colonialism, Neo-colonialism And Uni-polar World 30. Unity of Knowledge (Science of Man-Society-Nature) 31. Social Theory of Change And Development 32. Evolution of Man And Society 33. Rural Technology, Social Organisation And Rural Development 34. Problematique of Democratic Governance in Globalised World 07 SPECIAL SEMINARS/SYMPOSIA/AD HOC GROUP DISCUSSIONS It is proposed to hold national/international seminars/symposia/ colloquia as following issues: (a) National Seminars/Symposia Themes: 1. Indian Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society 2. Dalit Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 3. Women’s Struggles And Movements for Gender-Discrimination-Free Equitable Society. 4. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Secular Society. 5. Peoples’ Science Movements For Equitable Society. 6. Peasants’ Struggles And Movements for Equitable Society. 7.Youths’ Movements And Struggles For Equitable Society (Second All India Young Scientists Convention). 8. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Rights For Information. (b) International Seminars/Symposia Themes: 1. Peoples’ Liberation Struggles and Movements Across the World (Asia, Africa and Latin America) for Equitable Society. 2. International Working Peoples/Trade Union Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 3. International Peoples Movements for Protection of Rights of Children. (c) Special Symposia/Colloquia: Special Symposia/Colloquia will be held on following issues during the ISSC. 1. The Planet Earth: Peoples, Society And Science. 2. The Science of Global Warming. 3. From The Paradigm of Mal-Development To The Paradigm of Peoples’ Development. 4. The Socio-economic Implications of Special Economic Zones. (see pp 25-28 for details) Besides, research scientists/social activists/policy planners desirous of organizing small group discussions on themes of their concern are welcome to send their proposals under ‘Ad Hoc Group Discussions’. Time is allotted for such discussions during post-dinner session between 2100 and 2330 hours. The proposer shall undertake the responsibility of planning and organizing such discussions. There ought to be atleast 5 participants. 08 PUBLIC LECTURES The Indian Academy of Social Sciences organizes public lectures by eminent scientists, social activists, policy planners and educationists prior to, during and after the Indian Social Science Congress within a view to communicating science to the people. Such lectures are held in the evening hour during the Indian Social Science Congress. 09 TASK FORCE A Task Force set up by the Executive Council of the ISSA deliberates over the deliberations of the Indian Social Science Congress with a view to discovering newer ideas/theories and methods emerging at it. It prepares its recommendations in form of a Trend Report which is further deliberated over by the delegates before finalization. 10 EXHIBITION It is proposed to organize books and posters exhibition during the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. Posters/Films/Audio-Visuals/Books on various aspects of ‘Peoples Struggles And Movements’ in their historical perspective can be put on display. Those wishing to participation in the Exhibition are advised to contact the Local Secretary, Dr. Madhu Madan before October 31, 2007. All the participants shall be required to get themselves registered by paying the stipulated registration fee to the Indian Academy of Social Sciences. 11 MEDIUM Hindi and English are the official medium of deliberations of the Indian Social Science Congress. As a policy Indian Academy of Social Sciences would like to have the deliberations in all Indian languages. But in the absence of necessary infrastructure and resources, it has to limit itself to Hindi and English. 12 SUBMISSION OF PAPERS All those who wish to present a substantive paper on the themes mentioned in the preceding sections or on any other theme are advised to submit three copies of their papers along with its CD latest by November 1, 2007. However, the abstracts of the papers should be submitted on or before November 15, 2007. Papers can be submitted till December 15, 2007. But such papers may not be printed in the Social Science Abstracts. No paper shall be received and included in programmes of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress after December 15, 2007. The paper submitted must be based on empirical, theoretical, historical, archaeological or statistical research. Papers based on ‘Critical review of research on a given theme for 10-15 years or polemical papers too can be submitted. Each paper needs to be a duly signed Declaration Form stating that the paper is based on the author’s original research and that it has neither been presented nor has been submitted for presentation and publication elsewhere. 13 PROGRAMMES A model of academic programmes of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress is given at the end of this brochure. One day is meant for sight seeing by the delegates. All plenaries will be held between 0900 at 1300 hours every day, all Intradisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees shall meet between 1400 and 1730 hours in parallel sessions concurrently; public lectures will be held between 1730 and 1900 hours; official meetings and cultural programmes will be held between 1900 and 2000 hours and Task Force, Ad Hoc Group Discussions/State Committees, etc. shall meet between 2100 and 2330 hours. Second All India Young Scientists convention will be held on December 30-31, 2007 (Details on page 29). 14 GOLD MEDAL AWARDS Gold medals are awarded for best research papers presented at the ISSC. Awards are given at the next ISSC. Scientists, philanthropists and Trusts desirous of donating funds for gold Medal(s) are welcome to send their proposals to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences. All donations are exempt from income tax under 80(G) of Income Tax Act, 1961. 15 REGISTRATION It is imperative for every one to pay the registration fee as stated below for attending the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress: Category Up to November 15, 2007 From November 16, 2007 Member-Delegate Rs. 1000.00 Rs. 1200.00 Non-Member Delegate Rs. 1400.00 Rs. 1600.00 Institutional Member Delegates (three) Rs. 3000.00 Rs. 3500.00 Non-Member Institutional Delegates (three) Rs. 5000.00 Rs. 6000.00 Local Delegates Rs. 600.00 Rs. 650.00 Student Delegates Rs. 800.00 Rs. 900.00 Foreign Delegates $ 200.00 $ 250.00 Foreign Delegate from Afro-Asian-Latin-American Countries Rs. 1500.00 Rs. 2000.00 Accompanying person Rs. 600.00 Rs. 800.00 An institution/organization can depute its three or more representatives at the Indian Social Science Congress. In the event of more than three representatives, the cost of registration for individual delegate (member or non member) shall be payable by the concerned institution/organization. The word ‘accompanying person’ means wife or husband or child. A child below the age of 6 years shall not be charged for food. Non-registered scholars shall be required to buy the food coupon from the counter. No certificate shall be issued to non-registered scholars or scholars who have registered without submitting any papers. The Registered delegate is entitled to receive all publications of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress including its proceedings free of cost, free hostel accommodation, free meals, free transport from Railway station to the place of accommodation at SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai and from hostel to the venue, banquets and cultural programmes. However, delegates staying in hotels or on their own shall not be entitled for free transport. Local registered delegates will be entitled for kitbags, free lunch, day tea/coffee and banquets only. Free Breakfast, lunch, day tea and dinner will be available to registered delegates with effect from morning of December 27 to the evening of December 31, 2007 only. The registration fee should be sent to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences by an account payee DD in favour of Indian Academy of Social sciences payable at Allahabad under registered cover. Outstation cheque or money order will not be entertained. Although on the spot registration will be made, yet the Organizing Committee is not bound to provide hostel accommodation to such delegates if the accommodation is not available. It is, therefore, advisable to get registered within the stipulated time in order to avoid last minutes inconvenience. The invited scholars and members of the Executive Council, Organising Committee and other bodies and special invitees are advised to pay the registration fee within the stipulated time and claim its reimbursement along with or without their TA bills as intimated by the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences. Refund of the registration fee will be made after deducting 40% as the service charges if the request for it is received before December 15, 2007. Literature of the XXXI ISSC, however, shall not be supplied in such cases. Those who have registered but are not able to attend the XXXI ISSC because of unavoidable reasons would be supplied all the publications if their request for refund is not received or if they do not wish refund. In the event of more than one author of a paper, all will be required to pay the registration fee individually. 16 TRAVEL All the research scientists, teachers students, social activists and policy planners intending to attend XXXI Indian Social Science Congress are advised to seek travel support from their respective organizations. However, a few such scholars who have no organizational support and whose research papers are adjudged as of quite high standard or who have been invited to deliver plenary/public/special lectures may be provided either full or partial financial support by ISSA and SNDT Women’s University depending upon availability of funds. Such scholars are advised to write to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences along with their papers before November 15, 2007. No on the spot request for financial support shall be entertained. Since the position of funds is known only around the dates of the ISSC, no commitment is possible well in advance. So the scholars applying for travel support are advised to make necessary arrangement on their own well in time. This, however, will not apply to invited scholars/resource persons. The General Secretary shall intimate the decision of the appropriate committee on the request for travel support before December 10, 2007 if the position of funds are known by then. 17 ACCOMMODATION The SNDT Women’s University shall provide Guest House/Hostel accommodation to the registered scholars attending XXXI ISSC free of charge on receipt of request before November 15, 2007. Most of the accommodations will be double-bedded rooms. Those who wish to stay in hotels are advised to make their own arrangements. Local Secretary shall help such scholars in hotel reservation provided one-day room rent is sent to her by a DD in favour of Local Secretary, XXXI Indian Social Science Congress payable at SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai. Hotel tariff is given on page 46. All the scholars are advised to carry light clothes and mosquito nets or repellants. Guest House/Hostel accommodation will be available from the afternoon of December 26, 2007 to the night of December 31, 2007 free of charge. Those wishing to have accommodation before the afternoon of December 26, 2007 are advised to request the Local Secretary well in advance and pay the rent as intimated by her. All are advised to send filled-in Accommodation Form to the Local Secretary before November 15, 2007. 18 TRANSPORT The Organising Committee will provide transport from the Railway Station/Bus Station/Airport at Mumbai to the place of accommodation and from Hostel to the venue of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress free of cost. However, no such arrangement will be made for those staying in hotels or elsewhere in the city. Those traveling by train should get down at Kurla Dadar and take local train for Santacruz (West). There will be a reception booth at Kurla Dadar and Santacruz(West). All are advised to contact the Reception booth on arrival. In the event of non availability of volunteers at reception booth, one should take an auto or taxi for SNDT Women’s University, Juhu Campus, 1, Nathibai Thackersey Road, Mumbai 400020 which is about 2 kilometer from the Santacruz (West )railway station/airport. 19. RECEPTION The Organizing Committee shall make arrangement for reception and transportation of delegates arriving by train/bus/plane at Mumbai on receipt of intimation about their arrival well in advance. Arrival/Departure Form given in the end should be sent to the Local Secretary before December 10, 2007. A guide map is given on page 47. 20. SIGHT SEEING Arrangement for sight seeing will be made by the Local Secretary during the Congress. Those wishing to see historical places in Mumbai are advised to write to Dr. Madhu Madan, the Local Secretary, well in advance. 21 WHO CAN PARTICIPATE ? One who is teaching and doing research in any field of science—social, historical, philosophical, linguistics, Juridical, physical, chemical, biological, engineering, medical and health, agricultural, ecological and environmental, computer science and information technology, biotechnology, mathematics and statistics or one who is actively involved in field works/social engineering or one who is deeply involved in developmental policy formulations and is a member of the Indian Academy of Social Sciences and has paid the registration fee is eligible to present a paper based on research/critical review of researches or critical analysis and participate in the deliberations of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. Those who are deeply involved in peoples’ struggles and movements are especially welcome to participate in the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. 22. WHOM TO CONTACT? Please write to the following for further details if necessary and send you membership, registration and paper under registered cover to: Dr. N.P. Chaubey General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences Iswar Saran Ashram Campus, Allahabad 211004, INDIA Tel: 0532-2544170 (R), 0532-2544245(O) Fax: 0532-2544170, E-mail: issa@sancharnet.in, issaald@gmail.com Website: www.issaindia.in Please write to the following for accommodation, transport, food and exhibition: Dr (Mrs) Madhu Madan, Local Secretary, XXXI Indian Social Science Congress Registrar, SNDT Women’s University, 1, Nathibai Thackersey Road, Mumbai 400 020 Tel: (O) 022-22004810/22031879; (R) 02226393971; Mobile No: 09820145492, Fax: 022-22018226 E-mail: registrar@sndt.ac.in Website: www.sndt.ac.in Details of Chairpersons/Co-chairpersons/Conveners/Co-conveners of 26 Intradisciplinary Research Committees, 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees and special seminars/ symposia are given on next pages. Interested scholars are advised to contact with the chairperson/co-chairpersons of their concern. 23. WEBSITE Please visit our website: www.issaindia.in or www.sndt.ac.in for further details of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. It is proposed to put the abstracts of all accepted papers on our website by December 22, 2007. XXXI INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS A NOTE ON PEOPLES' STRUGGLES AND MOVEMENTS FOR EQUITABLE SOCIETY 01 PREAMBLE Indian Academy of Social Sciences (ISSA) has resolved to devote the 31st session of Indian Social Science Congress (XXXI ISSC) on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ with a view to discovering, developing and disseminating a new scientific knowledge relevant to creating a new democratic global society free from hunger, poverty, literacy, unemployment and violence of any sort and where all men, women and children would be able to enjoy equally higher quality of life and live in tranquility and harmony with Nature and Society. 02 CONTEXT The 30th Indian Social Science Congress held in December 27-31, 2006 at Algappa University, Karaikudi spent a considerable amount of time on discussing the nature of the contemporary world order, which has emerged in the recent years in the context of some of the most cherished values such as democracy, justice and equality.• At the end, a broad consensus on the following three issues, among others, emerged. First, the already highly unequal societies are becoming even more unequal under the new global order. There are several ways in which this process is taking place. By and large, economic inequalities are increasing within nations as well as among them. In many instances, the greater economic inequalities are getting interwoven with other kinds of inequalities, particularly social inequalities of historical nature. Also, the character of some of these inequalities is getting transformed. In this context, it is important to note that although from a conceptual point of view there is a difference between inequality and inequity, they are at times closely connected. Quite often, it is the inequalities of one kind, like inequalities of opportunities, which give rise to inequalities of other kinds, like exclusions. The merging of the two notions of inequality and inequity takes place as a consequence of exclusions erroneously being perceived as actuated by some notion of deservingness rather than being correctly perceived as caused by the inequalities existing in a different domain. Second, the newly emerging socio-economic order is inimical to the existence of individual rights in any meaningful sense. This is evident in the case of economic and social rights; as it is difficult to see what meaning and significance can be attached to rights like the right to food, the right to education, and the right to health when the state has withdrawn or is in the process of withdrawing from most welfare activities relating to the realization of these rights. Even the civil and political rights are under assault the world over; partly because of so-called `war on terror', and partly because of the overwhelming dominance of market. It is also a moot point as to what meaning is to be ascribed to the collective right of self-determination under an international order where countries can be invaded and occupied at will. In this context, it is important to note that individual as well as the collective rights is necessary for the very existence of a democratic society. The same is true with respect to the goal of establishing an equitable society. In this context it is also important to highlight that the new socio-economic structures, dominated by free and global markets, as also by the multilateral treaties are intrinsically inconsistent with the democratic ideals of autonomy and decentralization. Lastly, there was a consensus that in the present circumstances, only alternative to the regressive process of accentuation of inequalities is to create a countervailing power in the form of struggles and movements of the peoples. The significance of peoples' movements is manifold. The first and foremost, the very act of launching a movement indicates rejection of a situation which is found wanting in some crucial respects. The articulation of the reason for the rejection of a situation, if taken to its logical end, would inevitably result in affirmation of a social principle. Thus, regardless of the final outcome of a people's movement, `success' or `failure', it is likely to change, to some degree, the contours, and possibly, the framework of the social discourse, as for the participants in such movements and struggles, often the changes are rather radical. This seeks to affect one's social consciousness which, in turn may have deep impact on one's ideas and actions in future. Therefore, even a short-lived people's movement may have powerful long-run implications. Seen in this perspective, a genuine people's movement is never a complete failure. As discussed above, while every genuine people's movement has transformative implications for both the social consciousness of the participants and the contours of social discourse, whether a movement would be able to bring about changes in the social institutions depends on a complex set of factors; the most important of them being the appropriateness of the immediate goals in relation to the existing institutional structure. Of course, this point is relevant mainly with respect to non-revolutionary movements carried out through peaceful parliamentary means. If one accepts the viewpoint that the present socio-economic order is inconsistent with the ideals of democracy, justice and equality, then the importance of the movements cannot be overemphasized. It is for this reason that it has been decided to have `Peoples' Struggles and Movements for Equitable Society' as the focal theme for the 31st Indian Social Science Congress. It is hoped that apart from analyzing the contemporary peoples' movements from the correct perspectives, the Congress would also help initiate a long-term study of the peoples' movements from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. 03 Peoples' Movements: Some Fundamental Conceptual Questions To begin with, one has to address the question as to which movements can be classed as peoples' movements. It is obvious that not every movement can be called a people's movement. It would be ideal if one could identify a set of characteristics, which would define a people's movement. In any case, for correct analysis of movements, the following issues appear relevant. (i) Purpose of the movement (ii) Articulation of social principles during the course of the movement (iii) Organization of the movement (iv) Programmes and strategy of the movements/struggles. (v) The impact of the movement on the society in terms of realization of its objectives. The character of a movement is partly determined by its goals, and partly by the social principles underlying these goals, the commitment of the participants of the movement; and the state, by being the main repository of coercive power. The characteristics relating to the organizational aspects of movements are particularly likely to be affected by the way the state responds to movements. 04 OBJECTIVES The XXXI Indian Social Science Congress, therefore, proposes to deliberate upon the following issues: 1. To appraise the Peoples’ current struggles and movements in India in particular, and in other parts of the world. 2. To determine democratic strengths and weaknesses of peoples’ struggles and movements across the world 3. To identify the features of an ideal democratic society for the future as the targeted objective of the on-going Peoples’ struggles and movements. 4. To determine the short-term and long-term concerns for equitable society as reflected in the on- going peoples’ struggles and movements 5. To explore and develop theoretical insights and praxis of Peoples’ struggles and movements for equitable society 05 SCOPE There is a very wide scope for scientific study of peoples’ struggles and movements within and outside the country. All local, regional, national and international peoples’ struggles and movements for the realization of various goals could be studied for the realization of various goals prior to, during and after 31st Indian Social Science Congress. Since the historical and social processes play a vital role in peoples movements and struggles, the same need to b studied in depth. It is quite likely that contemporary people’s struggles and movements may not be found strong enough to help create an equitable society. If this is the case, then how to make them strong and effective? This too needs be addressed. 06 THE PROPOSED STRUCTURE OF THE CONGRESS AND OTHER PROGRAMMES It is proposed to discuss the focal theme in the Congress comprehensively. For this, the presentations, discussions and deliberations during the Congress are proposed to be organized under the following five categories: 1. Plenary Sessions 2. Sessions of Intra-Disciplinary Research Committees 3. Sessions of Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees 4. Symposia/Seminars/Colloquia 5. Public Lectures PLENARY SESSIONS The Plenary sessions shall be mainly devoted to discussing the important economic, social, political and ecological issues in the context of the peoples' struggles and movements for an equitable society. It should, however, be noted that papers dealing with important economic, social, political and ecological issues, but not necessarily in the context of peoples’ movements, would also be welcome.

Accommodation

XXXI INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS 01 PREAMBLE The Indian Academy of Social Sciences (ISSA) shall hold 31st session of the Indian Social Science Congress (ISSC) under the auspices of SNDT Women’s University and Bhimarao Ambedkar Institute of Social And Economic Change between December 27 and 31, 2007 with a view to discovering, developing and disseminating science of Nature-Man-Society in Indian conditions in particular, and world conditions in general, which is capable of creating a new democratic world where all men, women and children enjoy higher quality of material, social, cultural, spiritual and healthy life without fear of discrimination, oppression and exploitation while living in peace and harmony with Nature and Society. 02 THE INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS Since science as an objective knowledge of living and non-living things, is social, Indian Social Science Congress strives to bring all branches of science together under its umbrella with a view to building science of Nature-Man-Society in Indian conditions in particular, and in world conditions in general. All branches of science – social, historical, philosophical, linguistics, juridical, physical, chemical, biological, mathematical, ecological, environmental, medical, health, agricultural, engineering, biotechnological, computer and information technological are represented through 26 Intradisciplinary and 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees in it. Since there is no scientific literature in Indian languages even after 60 years of India’s independence which has telling effect on the quality of science education and research in our country, the Indian Social Science Congress strives to produce scientific literature in forms of monographs, books and proceedings in all Indian languages. Building bridges between universities/colleges/institutes/laboratories and peoples and the society is another vital object of the ISSC. First Indian Social science Congress was held in February 1976 at Allahabad. Since then it has been held every year regularly. So far 30 sessions of it have been held in different parts of India and the 31st session is scheduled to be held in December 27-31, 2007 at Mumbai. Details of all the previous sessions are given on page 57. The University Grants Commission recognizes Indian Social Science Congress on par with Indian Science Congress. All the creative minds find Indian Social Science Congress as a most creative and stimulating national forum of science for creative and democratic interactions, exchanges, dialogues and discourses on all scientific issues of theoretical and methodological significance. Each session of ISSC has a focal theme and numerous other themes. A National Academic Planning Committee (NAPC) comprising the eminent scientists, social activists, policy planners, Vice-chancellors and Directors steers the formulation of details of the focal theme and academic programmes. A Task Force appraises and integrates the deliberations. Numerous pre-and-post ISSC local, regional and nationals symposia, seminars, colloquia are held throughout the year. Quite a large number of universities, colleges and institutes are actively involved in it. 03 FOCAL THEME Since the People of India are celebrating 2007 as the 150 years of their struggles and movements for freedom/independence since 1857, the Indian Academy of Social Sciences has resolved to focus the deliberations of the 31st session of the Indian Social Science Congress on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’. A note on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ prepared by the National Academic Planning Committee (NAPC) is given on page 10 for reference to all those who wish to write and participate in the 31st Indian Social science Congress. There shall be several plenaries, intradisciplinary, intradisciplinary and multidisciplinary, symposia/seminars/colloquia Special Lecturers prior to, during and after the 31st Indian Social Science Congress. The ensuing pages provide the thematic details of it. 04 PLENARY THEMES It is proposed to hold following plenaries on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ during the 31st Indian Social Science Congress: 1. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Economic Equality 2. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Democracy and full Civil Liberties / Human Rights. 3. Peoples’ Science & Technology Movements for Alternate / New Paradigm of Science & Technology for Equitable Society. 4. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Gender/ Racial/ Caste-discrimination-free Equitable Society. 5. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Pollution – Free Harmonious Ecological Society / Ecological Social System/Environmental Equity. 6. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a New Democratic and Scientific System of Education for All/Common School/Non-Commercial Education.. 7. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Health Education and Health Care for All. 8. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Mass Destruction Weapon-Free and Violence – Free Equitable Society. 9. Redefining the Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Equitable Society/Novel Ideas & Models of Movements Equitable Society. 05 INTRADISCIPLINARY RESEARCH COMMITTEES There are 26 Intradisciplinary Research Committees in the Indian Socizl science Congress. Each Committee has a chairperson, a co-chairperson, a convener, a co-convener and 15-25 members from all over India. (see page 13-18) Each Research Committee is expected (a) to undertake appraisal and integration of current research and theory within it; ((b) to strive to discover, develop and disseminate new theory and method; (c) to evolve new methods and theory for improving teaching and research in universities, colleges and research institutes and (d) to undertake preparation and publication of good monographs and books in all Indian languages for improving the quality of science education and research through Indian languages. The Committee functions through correspondence and meets once in a year during the Indian Social Science Congress. Each Research Committee has two kinds of academic programmes during the Indian Social Science Congress. These are: one, symposia/seminars/colloquia/special lectures on some aspects of the focal theme or on the theme chosen by the given RC. Two, research papers received from the research scientists. All the research scientists doing research on issues and areas of their concern are welcome to present their papers at the ISSC. The details of all the 26 RCs and proposed sub-themes of the focal theme, ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ are given below: 01. Agricultural Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Agrarian Struggles and Movements For Equitable Agrarian Relations and Policies/Movements Against Special Economic Zones/Terminator Gene Seeds/Agribusiness/Organic Farming, Cooperative Farming 02. Anthropology Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Unity of Man-Society-Nature/Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Preservation And Flowering of Their Identities and Culture/Tribal Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society/Indigenous peoples’ struggles and movements. 03. Biomedical Science, Social Medicine and Community Health Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a New Market Free Health Science Education and Health Care for All/Rational and Low Cost Drugs/Medical Ethics. 04. Biotechnology Research Committee: Social Applications And Ethics of Biotechnology. Peoples’-Friendly Biotechnology/Market-free Biotechnology. 05. Commerce Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements against unfair trade and commercial practices including WTO, IPR etc. 06. Communication and Journalism Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Corporate Control-free science-based mass media-communication. Peoples Media For Equitable Society. 07. Computer Science and Information Technology Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements against Digital Divide and for free hardware and software Information Technology. 08. Defence and Strategic Studies Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for A Violence-free Democratic Defence Strategy/Pugwash/Disarmament/ Mass Weapon Destruction Free World. Toward A New Theory of Defence of the Equitable Society. 09. Ecology And Environmental Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Ecological and Environmental Equality Protection/Chipko/Silent Valley/Green House Movements. New Ecosystem of the Equitable Society. 10. Economics Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Economic Equality/Full Employment, Reduction of Disparity, Removal of Poverty, Privatization of Peoples’ Property and Public Production System. New Political Economy of the Equitable Society. 11. Education Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Democratic Scientific Education for All/Common School/Free Education. 12. Geography Research Committee: Spatial Pattern & Analysis of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for an Equitable Social Order in the World in General and in India in Particular. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Community Management of Land, Forest and Mines. 13. History, Archaeology and Culture Research Committee: History of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a Equitable and Just Society/History of Indian Peoples Struggle And Movements since 1957. Comprehending the Contemporary Historical Processes of Peoples Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 14. Home Science Research Committee: Peoples’s Struggles and Movements for Nutrition, Health and Quality of Life, Family In the Equitable Society. The concept of happy home Peoples’ movements for protection of children. 15. International Relations Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Domination-free Democratic International Relations. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements Against Imperialism/Colonialism. Peoples’ Sruggles & Movements for House. 16. Juridical Science (Law): Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Justice to All. New Democratic Jurisprudence of the Equitable Society. 17. Linguistics Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for flowering of their languages/Equal Opportunities for Growth of All Languages. 18. Management Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Equitable Share in Production and Distribution/A New Paradigm of People-Oriented or Peoples’- Management Science of the Equitable Society. 19. Philosophy Research Committee: Philosophy of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society/Peoples’ Movements against increasing Immorality and Unethical practices in the Society. 20. Political Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Their Sovereignty; Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Civil Liberties And Human Rights; Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for a Democratic Society. Nature And role of State in Formation of Equitable Society. Nature of State in The Equitable Society. 21. Population Science Research Committee: Peoples’ Struggles And Movements for Higher Quality of Life/Peoples’ Movements Against Infant Mortality and Morbidity. 22. Psychology Research Committee: Psychology of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society: From Psychology of Domination/Competition to Psychology of Co-operation/Psychology of Democratic Needs and Aspirations of Peoples’ Struggles And Movements, Psychology Equality. 23. Science & Technology Policy Research Committee: Peoples’ Science Movements For A New Democratic Science Policy: From Market-oriented Science & Technology to Peoples’- oriented Science/Science of Global Warming/The Planet Earth, Peoples, Society and Science.. 24. Social Works Research Committee: Social Work For The Equitable Society/Principles of Non-Governmental Organisations’ – led Peoples’ Movements/Redefining The Roles of Social Work In Peoples Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. Social Engineering of Equitable Society. 25. Sociology Research Committee: Sociology of Peoples’ Struggles and Movements For Equitable Society. 26. Statistics & Mathematics Research Committee: Quantifying And Measuring the Peoples’ Struggles and Movements/underlying pattern in Peoples’. Movements For Equitable Society. Making Mathematics Popular. 06 MULTIDISCIPLINARY THEMATIC RESEARCH COMMITTEES There are 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committee in the Indian Social science Congress. Each of these have a chairperson or Convener and 10-15 members. Scientists of different disciplines doing research on the common theme are encouraged to engage in interactive exchanges and communication with a view to discovering common language, common method and common theory (see pp 19-23). The details of all the 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees are as follows: CODE MULTIDISCIPLINARY THEMATIC RESEARCH COMMITTEES 1. The Political Economy of India 2. Peasants, Agriculture, Technology & Market Forces 3. Survival and Growth of Small Industries and Small Producers 4. Global Capital, Multinational Corporation And Industrial Development 5. Democracy And Human Rights in Today’s Global World 6. State, Society And Peoples 7. Democratic Politics, Political Parties and Democratic Political Institutions 8. Ecological And Environmental Protection Studies And Movements 9. Global Market Forces, Social Policies, Welfare Programmes And Social Justice 10. Education, Skill Formation And Utilization 11. Creativity, Innovations And Discoveries 12. Social Processes And Social Structures In Globalised World 13. Peoples' Health and Quality of Life in Globalised World 14. Peoples’ Liberation Struggles And Movements For New Democratic Discrimination –Free World Order (Dalits, Tribals, Women, Peasants, etc.) 15. Socio-Economic-Linguistics, Communal Conflicts And Violence 16. Information Technology, Mass Media And Culture 17. Social Alienation of Modern Man 18. Development of Indian Languages, Linguistic Unity And Diversity 19. Cultural Heritage: Archaeological Excavations and Preservation of Historical Monuments 20. Population, Poverty And Migration In Global World 21. Labour In Organized And Unorganized Sectors of Global Economy 22. Diffusion, Propagation And Communication of Science 23. Natural Resources, Bio-diversity And Geographic Information System 24. Patent Laws And Intellectual Property Rights 25. World Organizations, World Trade and Commerce (UNO, UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, G-8, G-15, Regional Groups, WTO etc) 26. Conflicts, War, Peace And Social Security In Globalised World 27. Science, Technology And Peoples Development 28. Nation-States And Emerging Challenges 29. Imperialism, Colonialism, Neo-colonialism And Uni-polar World 30. Unity of Knowledge (Science of Man-Society-Nature) 31. Social Theory of Change And Development 32. Evolution of Man And Society 33. Rural Technology, Social Organisation And Rural Development 34. Problematique of Democratic Governance in Globalised World 07 SPECIAL SEMINARS/SYMPOSIA/AD HOC GROUP DISCUSSIONS It is proposed to hold national/international seminars/symposia/ colloquia as following issues: (a) National Seminars/Symposia Themes: 1. Indian Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society 2. Dalit Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 3. Women’s Struggles And Movements for Gender-Discrimination-Free Equitable Society. 4. Peoples’ Struggles and Movements for Secular Society. 5. Peoples’ Science Movements For Equitable Society. 6. Peasants’ Struggles And Movements for Equitable Society. 7.Youths’ Movements And Struggles For Equitable Society (Second All India Young Scientists Convention). 8. Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Rights For Information. (b) International Seminars/Symposia Themes: 1. Peoples’ Liberation Struggles and Movements Across the World (Asia, Africa and Latin America) for Equitable Society. 2. International Working Peoples/Trade Union Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society. 3. International Peoples Movements for Protection of Rights of Children. (c) Special Symposia/Colloquia: Special Symposia/Colloquia will be held on following issues during the ISSC. 1. The Planet Earth: Peoples, Society And Science. 2. The Science of Global Warming. 3. From The Paradigm of Mal-Development To The Paradigm of Peoples’ Development. 4. The Socio-economic Implications of Special Economic Zones. (see pp 25-28 for details) Besides, research scientists/social activists/policy planners desirous of organizing small group discussions on themes of their concern are welcome to send their proposals under ‘Ad Hoc Group Discussions’. Time is allotted for such discussions during post-dinner session between 2100 and 2330 hours. The proposer shall undertake the responsibility of planning and organizing such discussions. There ought to be atleast 5 participants. 08 PUBLIC LECTURES The Indian Academy of Social Sciences organizes public lectures by eminent scientists, social activists, policy planners and educationists prior to, during and after the Indian Social Science Congress within a view to communicating science to the people. Such lectures are held in the evening hour during the Indian Social Science Congress. 09 TASK FORCE A Task Force set up by the Executive Council of the ISSA deliberates over the deliberations of the Indian Social Science Congress with a view to discovering newer ideas/theories and methods emerging at it. It prepares its recommendations in form of a Trend Report which is further deliberated over by the delegates before finalization. 10 EXHIBITION It is proposed to organize books and posters exhibition during the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. Posters/Films/Audio-Visuals/Books on various aspects of ‘Peoples Struggles And Movements’ in their historical perspective can be put on display. Those wishing to participation in the Exhibition are advised to contact the Local Secretary, Dr. Madhu Madan before October 31, 2007. All the participants shall be required to get themselves registered by paying the stipulated registration fee to the Indian Academy of Social Sciences. 11 MEDIUM Hindi and English are the official medium of deliberations of the Indian Social Science Congress. As a policy Indian Academy of Social Sciences would like to have the deliberations in all Indian languages. But in the absence of necessary infrastructure and resources, it has to limit itself to Hindi and English. 12 SUBMISSION OF PAPERS All those who wish to present a substantive paper on the themes mentioned in the preceding sections or on any other theme are advised to submit three copies of their papers along with its CD latest by November 1, 2007. However, the abstracts of the papers should be submitted on or before November 15, 2007. Papers can be submitted till December 15, 2007. But such papers may not be printed in the Social Science Abstracts. No paper shall be received and included in programmes of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress after December 15, 2007. The paper submitted must be based on empirical, theoretical, historical, archaeological or statistical research. Papers based on ‘Critical review of research on a given theme for 10-15 years or polemical papers too can be submitted. Each paper needs to be a duly signed Declaration Form stating that the paper is based on the author’s original research and that it has neither been presented nor has been submitted for presentation and publication elsewhere. 13 PROGRAMMES A model of academic programmes of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress is given at the end of this brochure. One day is meant for sight seeing by the delegates. All plenaries will be held between 0900 at 1300 hours every day, all Intradisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees shall meet between 1400 and 1730 hours in parallel sessions concurrently; public lectures will be held between 1730 and 1900 hours; official meetings and cultural programmes will be held between 1900 and 2000 hours and Task Force, Ad Hoc Group Discussions/State Committees, etc. shall meet between 2100 and 2330 hours. Second All India Young Scientists convention will be held on December 30-31, 2007 (Details on page 29). 14 GOLD MEDAL AWARDS Gold medals are awarded for best research papers presented at the ISSC. Awards are given at the next ISSC. Scientists, philanthropists and Trusts desirous of donating funds for gold Medal(s) are welcome to send their proposals to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences. All donations are exempt from income tax under 80(G) of Income Tax Act, 1961. 15 REGISTRATION It is imperative for every one to pay the registration fee as stated below for attending the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress: Category Up to November 15, 2007 From November 16, 2007 Member-Delegate Rs. 1000.00 Rs. 1200.00 Non-Member Delegate Rs. 1400.00 Rs. 1600.00 Institutional Member Delegates (three) Rs. 3000.00 Rs. 3500.00 Non-Member Institutional Delegates (three) Rs. 5000.00 Rs. 6000.00 Local Delegates Rs. 600.00 Rs. 650.00 Student Delegates Rs. 800.00 Rs. 900.00 Foreign Delegates $ 200.00 $ 250.00 Foreign Delegate from Afro-Asian-Latin-American Countries Rs. 1500.00 Rs. 2000.00 Accompanying person Rs. 600.00 Rs. 800.00 An institution/organization can depute its three or more representatives at the Indian Social Science Congress. In the event of more than three representatives, the cost of registration for individual delegate (member or non member) shall be payable by the concerned institution/organization. The word ‘accompanying person’ means wife or husband or child. A child below the age of 6 years shall not be charged for food. Non-registered scholars shall be required to buy the food coupon from the counter. No certificate shall be issued to non-registered scholars or scholars who have registered without submitting any papers. The Registered delegate is entitled to receive all publications of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress including its proceedings free of cost, free hostel accommodation, free meals, free transport from Railway station to the place of accommodation at SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai and from hostel to the venue, banquets and cultural programmes. However, delegates staying in hotels or on their own shall not be entitled for free transport. Local registered delegates will be entitled for kitbags, free lunch, day tea/coffee and banquets only. Free Breakfast, lunch, day tea and dinner will be available to registered delegates with effect from morning of December 27 to the evening of December 31, 2007 only. The registration fee should be sent to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences by an account payee DD in favour of Indian Academy of Social sciences payable at Allahabad under registered cover. Outstation cheque or money order will not be entertained. Although on the spot registration will be made, yet the Organizing Committee is not bound to provide hostel accommodation to such delegates if the accommodation is not available. It is, therefore, advisable to get registered within the stipulated time in order to avoid last minutes inconvenience. The invited scholars and members of the Executive Council, Organising Committee and other bodies and special invitees are advised to pay the registration fee within the stipulated time and claim its reimbursement along with or without their TA bills as intimated by the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences. Refund of the registration fee will be made after deducting 40% as the service charges if the request for it is received before December 15, 2007. Literature of the XXXI ISSC, however, shall not be supplied in such cases. Those who have registered but are not able to attend the XXXI ISSC because of unavoidable reasons would be supplied all the publications if their request for refund is not received or if they do not wish refund. In the event of more than one author of a paper, all will be required to pay the registration fee individually. 16 TRAVEL All the research scientists, teachers students, social activists and policy planners intending to attend XXXI Indian Social Science Congress are advised to seek travel support from their respective organizations. However, a few such scholars who have no organizational support and whose research papers are adjudged as of quite high standard or who have been invited to deliver plenary/public/special lectures may be provided either full or partial financial support by ISSA and SNDT Women’s University depending upon availability of funds. Such scholars are advised to write to the General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences along with their papers before November 15, 2007. No on the spot request for financial support shall be entertained. Since the position of funds is known only around the dates of the ISSC, no commitment is possible well in advance. So the scholars applying for travel support are advised to make necessary arrangement on their own well in time. This, however, will not apply to invited scholars/resource persons. The General Secretary shall intimate the decision of the appropriate committee on the request for travel support before December 10, 2007 if the position of funds are known by then. 17 ACCOMMODATION The SNDT Women’s University shall provide Guest House/Hostel accommodation to the registered scholars attending XXXI ISSC free of charge on receipt of request before November 15, 2007. Most of the accommodations will be double-bedded rooms. Those who wish to stay in hotels are advised to make their own arrangements. Local Secretary shall help such scholars in hotel reservation provided one-day room rent is sent to her by a DD in favour of Local Secretary, XXXI Indian Social Science Congress payable at SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai. Hotel tariff is given on page 46. All the scholars are advised to carry light clothes and mosquito nets or repellants. Guest House/Hostel accommodation will be available from the afternoon of December 26, 2007 to the night of December 31, 2007 free of charge. Those wishing to have accommodation before the afternoon of December 26, 2007 are advised to request the Local Secretary well in advance and pay the rent as intimated by her. All are advised to send filled-in Accommodation Form to the Local Secretary before November 15, 2007. 18 TRANSPORT The Organising Committee will provide transport from the Railway Station/Bus Station/Airport at Mumbai to the place of accommodation and from Hostel to the venue of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress free of cost. However, no such arrangement will be made for those staying in hotels or elsewhere in the city. Those traveling by train should get down at Kurla Dadar and take local train for Santacruz (West). There will be a reception booth at Kurla Dadar and Santacruz(West). All are advised to contact the Reception booth on arrival. In the event of non availability of volunteers at reception booth, one should take an auto or taxi for SNDT Women’s University, Juhu Campus, 1, Nathibai Thackersey Road, Mumbai 400020 which is about 2 kilometer from the Santacruz (West )railway station/airport. 19. RECEPTION The Organizing Committee shall make arrangement for reception and transportation of delegates arriving by train/bus/plane at Mumbai on receipt of intimation about their arrival well in advance. Arrival/Departure Form given in the end should be sent to the Local Secretary before December 10, 2007. A guide map is given on page 47. 20. SIGHT SEEING Arrangement for sight seeing will be made by the Local Secretary during the Congress. Those wishing to see historical places in Mumbai are advised to write to Dr. Madhu Madan, the Local Secretary, well in advance. 21 WHO CAN PARTICIPATE ? One who is teaching and doing research in any field of science—social, historical, philosophical, linguistics, Juridical, physical, chemical, biological, engineering, medical and health, agricultural, ecological and environmental, computer science and information technology, biotechnology, mathematics and statistics or one who is actively involved in field works/social engineering or one who is deeply involved in developmental policy formulations and is a member of the Indian Academy of Social Sciences and has paid the registration fee is eligible to present a paper based on research/critical review of researches or critical analysis and participate in the deliberations of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. Those who are deeply involved in peoples’ struggles and movements are especially welcome to participate in the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. 22. WHOM TO CONTACT? Please write to the following for further details if necessary and send you membership, registration and paper under registered cover to: Dr. N.P. Chaubey General Secretary, Indian Academy of Social Sciences Iswar Saran Ashram Campus, Allahabad 211004, INDIA Tel: 0532-2544170 (R), 0532-2544245(O) Fax: 0532-2544170, E-mail: issa@sancharnet.in, issaald@gmail.com Website: www.issaindia.in Please write to the following for accommodation, transport, food and exhibition: Dr (Mrs) Madhu Madan, Local Secretary, XXXI Indian Social Science Congress Registrar, SNDT Women’s University, 1, Nathibai Thackersey Road, Mumbai 400 020 Tel: (O) 022-22004810/22031879; (R) 02226393971; Mobile No: 09820145492, Fax: 022-22018226 E-mail: registrar@sndt.ac.in Website: www.sndt.ac.in Details of Chairpersons/Co-chairpersons/Conveners/Co-conveners of 26 Intradisciplinary Research Committees, 34 Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees and special seminars/ symposia are given on next pages. Interested scholars are advised to contact with the chairperson/co-chairpersons of their concern. 23. WEBSITE Please visit our website: www.issaindia.in or www.sndt.ac.in for further details of the XXXI Indian Social Science Congress. It is proposed to put the abstracts of all accepted papers on our website by December 22, 2007. XXXI INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS A NOTE ON PEOPLES' STRUGGLES AND MOVEMENTS FOR EQUITABLE SOCIETY 01 PREAMBLE Indian Academy of Social Sciences (ISSA) has resolved to devote the 31st session of Indian Social Science Congress (XXXI ISSC) on ‘Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society’ with a view to discovering, developing and disseminating a new scientific knowledge relevant to creating a new democratic global society free from hunger, poverty, literacy, unemployment and violence of any sort and where all men, women and children would be able to enjoy equally higher quality of life and live in tranquility and harmony with Nature and Society. 02 CONTEXT The 30th Indian Social Science Congress held in December 27-31, 2006 at Algappa University, Karaikudi spent a considerable amount of time on discussing the nature of the contemporary world order, which has emerged in the recent years in the context of some of the most cherished values such as democracy, justice and equality.• At the end, a broad consensus on the following three issues, among others, emerged. First, the already highly unequal societies are becoming even more unequal under the new global order. There are several ways in which this process is taking place. By and large, economic inequalities are increasing within nations as well as among them. In many instances, the greater economic inequalities are getting interwoven with other kinds of inequalities, particularly social inequalities of historical nature. Also, the character of some of these inequalities is getting transformed. In this context, it is important to note that although from a conceptual point of view there is a difference between inequality and inequity, they are at times closely connected. Quite often, it is the inequalities of one kind, like inequalities of opportunities, which give rise to inequalities of other kinds, like exclusions. The merging of the two notions of inequality and inequity takes place as a consequence of exclusions erroneously being perceived as actuated by some notion of deservingness rather than being correctly perceived as caused by the inequalities existing in a different domain. Second, the newly emerging socio-economic order is inimical to the existence of individual rights in any meaningful sense. This is evident in the case of economic and social rights; as it is difficult to see what meaning and significance can be attached to rights like the right to food, the right to education, and the right to health when the state has withdrawn or is in the process of withdrawing from most welfare activities relating to the realization of these rights. Even the civil and political rights are under assault the world over; partly because of so-called `war on terror', and partly because of the overwhelming dominance of market. It is also a moot point as to what meaning is to be ascribed to the collective right of self-determination under an international order where countries can be invaded and occupied at will. In this context, it is important to note that individual as well as the collective rights is necessary for the very existence of a democratic society. The same is true with respect to the goal of establishing an equitable society. In this context it is also important to highlight that the new socio-economic structures, dominated by free and global markets, as also by the multilateral treaties are intrinsically inconsistent with the democratic ideals of autonomy and decentralization. Lastly, there was a consensus that in the present circumstances, only alternative to the regressive process of accentuation of inequalities is to create a countervailing power in the form of struggles and movements of the peoples. The significance of peoples' movements is manifold. The first and foremost, the very act of launching a movement indicates rejection of a situation which is found wanting in some crucial respects. The articulation of the reason for the rejection of a situation, if taken to its logical end, would inevitably result in affirmation of a social principle. Thus, regardless of the final outcome of a people's movement, `success' or `failure', it is likely to change, to some degree, the contours, and possibly, the framework of the social discourse, as for the participants in such movements and struggles, often the changes are rather radical. This seeks to affect one's social consciousness which, in turn may have deep impact on one's ideas and actions in future. Therefore, even a short-lived people's movement may have powerful long-run implications. Seen in this perspective, a genuine people's movement is never a complete failure. As discussed above, while every genuine people's movement has transformative implications for both the social consciousness of the participants and the contours of social discourse, whether a movement would be able to bring about changes in the social institutions depends on a complex set of factors; the most important of them being the appropriateness of the immediate goals in relation to the existing institutional structure. Of course, this point is relevant mainly with respect to non-revolutionary movements carried out through peaceful parliamentary means. If one accepts the viewpoint that the present socio-economic order is inconsistent with the ideals of democracy, justice and equality, then the importance of the movements cannot be overemphasized. It is for this reason that it has been decided to have `Peoples' Struggles and Movements for Equitable Society' as the focal theme for the 31st Indian Social Science Congress. It is hoped that apart from analyzing the contemporary peoples' movements from the correct perspectives, the Congress would also help initiate a long-term study of the peoples' movements from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. 03 Peoples' Movements: Some Fundamental Conceptual Questions To begin with, one has to address the question as to which movements can be classed as peoples' movements. It is obvious that not every movement can be called a people's movement. It would be ideal if one could identify a set of characteristics, which would define a people's movement. In any case, for correct analysis of movements, the following issues appear relevant. (i) Purpose of the movement (ii) Articulation of social principles during the course of the movement (iii) Organization of the movement (iv) Programmes and strategy of the movements/struggles. (v) The impact of the movement on the society in terms of realization of its objectives. The character of a movement is partly determined by its goals, and partly by the social principles underlying these goals, the commitment of the participants of the movement; and the state, by being the main repository of coercive power. The characteristics relating to the organizational aspects of movements are particularly likely to be affected by the way the state responds to movements. 04 OBJECTIVES The XXXI Indian Social Science Congress, therefore, proposes to deliberate upon the following issues: 1. To appraise the Peoples’ current struggles and movements in India in particular, and in other parts of the world. 2. To determine democratic strengths and weaknesses of peoples’ struggles and movements across the world 3. To identify the features of an ideal democratic society for the future as the targeted objective of the on-going Peoples’ struggles and movements. 4. To determine the short-term and long-term concerns for equitable society as reflected in the on- going peoples’ struggles and movements 5. To explore and develop theoretical insights and praxis of Peoples’ struggles and movements for equitable society 05 SCOPE There is a very wide scope for scientific study of peoples’ struggles and movements within and outside the country. All local, regional, national and international peoples’ struggles and movements for the realization of various goals could be studied for the realization of various goals prior to, during and after 31st Indian Social Science Congress. Since the historical and social processes play a vital role in peoples movements and struggles, the same need to b studied in depth. It is quite likely that contemporary people’s struggles and movements may not be found strong enough to help create an equitable society. If this is the case, then how to make them strong and effective? This too needs be addressed. 06 THE PROPOSED STRUCTURE OF THE CONGRESS AND OTHER PROGRAMMES It is proposed to discuss the focal theme in the Congress comprehensively. For this, the presentations, discussions and deliberations during the Congress are proposed to be organized under the following five categories: 1. Plenary Sessions 2. Sessions of Intra-Disciplinary Research Committees 3. Sessions of Multidisciplinary Thematic Research Committees 4. Symposia/Seminars/Colloquia 5. Public Lectures PLENARY SESSIONS The Plenary sessions shall be mainly devoted to discussing the important economic, social, political and ecological issues in the context of the peoples' struggles and movements for an equitable society. It should, however, be noted that papers dealing with important economic, social, political and ecological issues, but not necessarily in the context of peoples’ movements, would also be welcome.

Biotechnology Research Committee Schedule & Abstracts

Biotechnology Presentation schedule On 28th December: Time: 2.00 PM Genetic Engineering for More Food, Cleaner Environment Dr.S.K.Apte Molecular Biology Dvision Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Trombay, Mumbai-400085 Time: 2.30 PM Energy Efficient and Green Practices by a Corporate Mr Debraj Sengupta Paharpur Business Centre & Software Technology Incubator Park 21, Nehru Place Greens, New Delhi-110019 End at 3.00 PM On 29th December: Panel discussion on Open Source Biotechnology – An Idea Yet to Take- off in India Time: 2.00 PM Chair: Dr. MC Arunan (Sophia College for Women, Mumbai) Panel: Dr. Satyajit Rath (NII, New Delhi) Dr. G. Nagarjuna (HBCSE, TIFR, Mumbai) Dr.T. Jayaraman (TISS, Mumbai) Dr. C. K. Raju ( Inmantec & Centre for Studies in Civilizations,Delhi) Dr. N. Raghuram ( New Delhi) On 30th December: Time: 2 PM MEDICAL RADIOISOTOPE TECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN HEALTH K.B. SAINIS Director, Bio-Medical Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Modular Laboratories, Trombay, Mumbai Time: 2.30 PM Genetically Engineered Vaccine Against Anthrax : “ From Clone to Clinic” Prof. Rakesh Bhatnagar School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, India. Time: 3.00 PM Cytoskeletal Dynamics and Human Diseases Dr.Dulal Panda Department of Bioscience, IIT, Mumbai Time: 3.30 PM Biotechnology in Municipal Solid Waste Management Dr. Amiya Kumar Sahu President National Solid Waste Association of India Mumbai Time: 4 PM BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE CHALLENGE OF CANCER Dr. L. C. Padhy Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India Time: 4.30 PM Title and abstract awaited Prof. B.C.Tripathy School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi-110067 Time: 5.PM Selecting Cognate Pairs of Molecules in vitro: Lessons in Molecular Evolution and Possible Applications Prof. Pramod Yadav Dean, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi-110067 Time: 5.30 PM Title and abstract awaited Dr. Dilip kumar Director, Central Institute of Fisheries Education Versova, Andheri West- Mumbai- 400 061 End at 6 PM On 31st December Time: 2 PM Radiation technolgy for the development of genetically improved crops and post harvest processing of agro products Dr. S. F. D'SOUZA Biomedical Group Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085, India. Email: sfdsouza@ barc.gov.in Time: 2.30 PM Immunotherapy of Cancer: Issues and Challenges Dr. S. V. Chiplunkar Advanced Center for Treatment, Research & Education in Cancer Tata Memorial Center, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai Time:3.00PM Social Impact of Modern Biotechnology: Developments in Biomedical Research Santosh K.Kar School of biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi-110067 End at 3.30 PM ABSTRACTS: "Genetic Engineering for More Food, Cleaner Environment" S.K.Apte Molecular Biology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai - 400 085 Concerted efforts by plant breeders all over the world have produced a large number of high yielding crop varieties and led to green revolutions in different parts of the world. However, the actual yield potential of most crops is never realized in the field due to adverse impact of environmental stresses, such as nutrient deficiencies (N, P, and K), soil salinity, drought, heat and cold and a plethora of bacterial, viral, fungal and insect pathogens. Conventional ways of alleviating these stresses cause pollution in the form of chemical fertilizers or pesticides and other biocides. In future, the agriculture is likely to become even more stressful. Genetic engineering facilitates incorporation of novel traits from any living organism into plants and its expression at will. Using this technology several high yielding, insect / herbicide tolerant crops have been engineered and are in use in many parts of the world. Many more with improved nutritional quality or delayed ripening and other desirable characters are in the offing. These transgenic crops or genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have raised several technical, environmental, biosafety and ethical concerns, which need to adequately addressed before this becomes a successful and sustainable technology. Some of these technological advancements and concerned issues will be discussed MEDICAL RADIOISOTOPE TECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN HEALTH K.B. SAINIS, Ph.D., FNASc, FMAS, Director, Bio-Medical Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Modular Laboratories, Trombay, Mumbai – 400 085 The discoveries of radiation and radioactivity have proved to be a great boon to medical science. Interestingly, in a world where radiation is generally considered bad or hazardous irrespective of the dose, its use as a diagnostic or therapeutic tool has been thriving, nay, showing increasing spread across the globe. The availability of radioisotopes and labeled compounds (including radiopharmaceuticals) on a commercial scale facilitated the widespread applications of Nuclear Medicine that include radiodiagnosis, imaging and radioisotope-therapy of several diseases including cancer. While x-rays found diagnostic application in the early 20th century, computerized tomography (CT) a three dimensional x-radiographic technique is used today even in small towns of some of the developing countries for imaging and diagnosis of cancers and other diseases and even for obtaining biopsies. Cobalt (Co)-60 teletherapy and localized brachytherapy using iodine (I)-125 or cesium (Cs)-13 are also in widespread use for treatment of cancers. Radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique permits estimation of very small quantities of biomolecules like hormones, proteins, narcotics and other drugs. The discovery of an artificial element technetium (Tc)-99m in 1938 and subsequent availability of Tc-99m generator have revolutionized medical investigation through scintigraphic techniques. In recent years the availability of short-lived radionuclides, especially, fluorine (F)-18 generated in a cyclotron, in the form of F-18 labeled deoxyglucose (FDG), is being extensively used for detection, follow-up and imaging of tumors, their metastases, inflammation, neurological disorders etc. by the positron emission tomography (PET) technique. In India, Radiation Medicine Centre (RMC) of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in association with its Isotope ( now Radiopharmaceuticals) Division pioneered the use of radioisotopes and nuclear techniques for medical purposes. Radioiodine therapy for thyroid cancer is a well established modality and radiation synovectomy holds promise for the arthritis patients. Board of Radioisotope Technology (BRIT) of the Department of Atomic Energy makes and markets several RIA kits and radiopharmaceuticals. Radiolabelled biomolecules are also available for biotechnological applications. India’s first medical cyclotron was installed at RMC in 2002. Our country needs at least a thousand Co-60 teletherapy machines. The indigenously developed Bhabhatron by BARC and its commercial production hold a strong ray of hope in meeting this goal in the coming years. A new digital medical imaging system developed at BARC will considerable reduce the radiation dose to the patient and at the same time improve the quality of the images obtained. Some of these facilities are available at no cost to the poor and weaker sections of the society. In conclusion, medical uses of radiation and radioisotopes have certainly improved the quality of human life Genetically Engineered Vaccine against Anthrax: “From Clone to Clinic” Prof. Rakesh Bhatnagar School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, India Ph # 011-26704079, 26742040 (Telefax) rakbhat01@yahoo.com, rakeshbhatnagar@mail.jnu.ac.in The nature of bio-terrorism resulting from anthrax attack is such that an aggressor is likely to strike at a time and place calculated to induce maximum terror through mass casualties. In the absence of specific intelligence in terms of medical suveillance and integrated real-time detection systems, the unpredictable nature of such events compels the development of medical countermeasures, which will enable the authorities to treat the exposed individuals. Early treatment is essential, when the disease reaches a point at which antibiotics are no longer effective owing to the accumulation of a lethal level of toxin, even though the organism is sensitive to the agent. The currently recommended postexposure treatment is a combination of an antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) and a licensed human vaccine AVA (Highly toxic with side effects). We have PCR-cloned and overexpressed the anthrax protective antigen gene. Bioprocess optimization was done to improve the yields of the genetically engineered protective antigen. The total yield of genetically engineered vaccine obtained was 25 g from a 5-liter bioreactor, which is equivalent to 1 million shots. The genetically engineered protein was found to be functionally and biologically identical to its B. anthracis antigen. Toxicity studies conducted on this protein indicated that the protein is devoid of any toxicity and can be safely used for the development of a safe and effective genetically engineered vaccine against anthrax. Phase II clinical trials are being done as per guidelines of Drug Controller of India and US FDA. Technology for making genetically engineered vaccine against anthrax has already been transferred to Panacea Biotec Ltd., New Delhi, a pharmaceutical company already in the business of making polio and Hepatitis B vaccine. BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE CHALLENGE OF CANCER L. C. Padhy Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India. The challenge of cancer has engaged the best human minds for more than a century and a satisfactory solution to problems, related to various aspects of this disease type, is yet to emerge. In the past several decades, we have learnt that normal cells may become cancerous after they are exposed to biological agents such as bacteria and viruses, chemical agents such as carcinogens and mutagens or physical agents such as UV- and X-rays. In the last two and half decades, the possible roles of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in cancer have been unraveled. More recently, cancer has been linked to abnormalities of stem cells. In this talk, I shall briefly discuss how new ideas and methods in modern biotechnology may help us to conquer the scourge of this disease. Selecting Cognate Pairs of Molecules in vitro: Lessons in Molecular Evolution and Possible Applications Jyoti Bala, Chanchal Kumar and Pramod Yadava* School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067 The pre-cellular evolution of life-like assemblies of molecules depended on cognate pairs of molecules staying together for longer than non-cognate molecules. In the process, they might have influenced each others structure and function. A large number of such events would have lasted for a transient while some might have found super-assemblies with defined self-propagating form and function. Most of the life processes can be visualized as cascades of interactions among mutually cognate molecules e.g., substrate enzyme, ligand-receptor, signal-signal transduction intermediates, antigen-antibody, and drug-drug target etc. all illustrate interaction among cognate molecules in organized living systems. However, the probability of finding cognate structures in a randomly generated pool of variants is rather low and one depends on a vast pool of such molecules to find such pairs. RNA has emerged as a molecule of significance in terms of its catalytic potentials and in terms of its regulatory roles with reference to several pathways. RNA can interact with other molecules within cells based either on sequence complementarity or on its structural compatibility with them. With the advent of technology to synthesize and amplify random sequences of oligonucleotides by replicative or transcriptional reactions in vitro, it has become possible to generate such pools and affinity select molecules recognizing a chosen ligand. We make use of this possibility for selecting RNA molecules binding with glutathione (a molecule of significance in keeping cellular health) and calcium (one of the earliest signaling molecules in the living world). Visualization of secondary structures of these molecules reveals a polyphyletic origin although there are signs of conservation of some motifs among different classes. We propose to use these RNA molecules for modulating availability of their cognate ligands in biological situations regulated by these ligands. (*Corresponding authors email: pky0200@mail.jnu.ac.in ; Financial support received from UGC and CSIR is gratefully acknowledged) Radiation technology for the development of genetically improved crops and post harvest processing of agro products Dr. S. F. D'SOUZA Biomedical Group Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085, India. Email: sfdsouza@ barc.gov.in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is playing an important role in addressing various national needs through the peaceful applications of radiations and radioisotopes aiming towards self sufficiency and better life for our large population, in terms of energy production, health and food security.. Use of radioisotopes in agriculture for increasing crop yields and minimizing post-harvest losses is one of the most important fields of peaceful applications of atomic energy for societal benefit. Availability of wide range of genetic variability is the main stay of plant improvement. Improvement of economically important plants can be achieved by cross breeding, somaclonal variation, recombinant DNA technology or mutation breeding. Mutation breeding is one of the important tools for creating the genetic variability in a short period of time. The novel genes identified in induced mutations can play an important role for preserving and upgrading biodiversity. Mutations may alter one or more of the yield contributing factors leading to higher yields and / or impart resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and improve quality parameters such as oil and protein quality and quantity, low antinutritional factors, seed size, colour etc At BARC, radiation induced mutation techniques were successfully used for creating genetic variability in important crops. Using radiation induced mutation and cross-breeding, 32 improved crop varieties developed by B.A.R.C. have been released and notified for commercial cultivation by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. These include : 12 groundnut, 2 soybean, 2 mustard, 4 blackgram (urid), 7 greengram (mung), 2 pigeonpea (tur) and 1 each in cowpea (chowli), rice and jute. Some of these varieties especially in groundnut, mung and urid are popular throughout the country and have made good socio-economic impact. Mutation breeding is also complimented with various molecular techniques. Though India is the leading producer of food in the world, ironically it also registers high post-harvest losses. Thus strategies to increase food production must be complemented with appropriate post-harvest practices and value addition. Issues related to shelf-life, quality and quarantine are the major stumbling blocks to trade, both national and international. Radiation technology offers multidimensional solutions to these problems. The technology can complement and supplement existing and emerging techniques of value addition. The country has the necessary know-how and expertise with the department of Atomic Energy to build and operate radiation-processing plants. Food preservation using radiation involves controlled application of energy of radiations such as gamma rays, X-rays, and accelerated electrons to food and agricultural commodities. It provides an effective alternative to fumigants, which are being banned and phased out due to their deleterious effects on human health and environment. This technology can thus complement and sustain agricultural productivity Immunotherapy of Cancer: Issues and Challenges Dr. S. V. Chiplunkar Advanced Center for Treatment, Research & Education in Cancer Tata Memorial Center, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai schiplunkar@actrec.gov.in Activating the immune response against resident cancer cells has been ‘dream’ of immunologists since Ehrlich originally proposed his ‘magic bullet’ strategy for targeting cytotoxic agents to tumor cells via tumor-specific antibodies. During the past 10 years, cancer immunotherapy has undergone a renaissance and there are now numerous experimental strategies that have demonstrated the efficacy in experimental animal models and are being used in clinical settings. Therapeutic antibodies have become a major strategy in clinical oncology owing to their ability to bind specifically to primary and metastatic cancer cells with high affinity and create antitumor effects by complement-mediated cytolysis and antibody-dependent, cell-mediated cytotoxicity (naked antibodies) or by the focused delivery of radiation or cellular toxins (conjugated antibodies).The recent clinical and commercial success of anticancer antibodies such as rituximab and trastuzumab has created great interest in antibody-based therapeutics for hematopoietic malignant neoplasms and solid tumors. The cost of currently available monoclonal antibody therapies is far higher than that of conventional therapies. It is therefore imperative to develop indigenous novel monoclonal antibodies .The future of such a ‘knowledge based’ industry depends on the protection and commercialization of the outcome of these innovations through strong Intellectual property laws. Forging strategic alliances between the academia and big pharma companies will make the ‘bench to bedside’ dream of cancer immunotherapy a reality. Social Impact of Modern Biotechnology: Developments in Biomedical Research Santosh K Kar School of Biotechnology Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi-110067 Modern Biotechnology is having significant impact on biomedical research today. This is very clearly evident not only in basic research that are being carried out to understand various disease processes but also in our efforts to develop diagnostic tools and vaccines for them. Inspite of intense efforts we do not have effective vaccines for diseases like Tuberculosis, Malaria and AIDS. By using information and tools that are available today rational designing of vaccine for these diseases are possible. For example we can now find out how Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives inside an immune competent host and causes the pathological manifestations attributed to tuberculosis. Once we know the mycobacterial genes that regulate the process then suitable therapeutic interventions can be designed not to allow those genes to be expressed so that the pathogen can not survive. For this the availability of sequence information of M. tuberculosis and human genome has become helpful. Once we know what enables a vast majority of the individuals who are infected with M. tuberculosis to protect themselves by mounting protective immune response we can design vaccines that can induce such responses in humans in a population .Thus a vaccine can be rationally designed. Various aspect of all this will be discussed. Biotechnology : Panel Discussion Open Source Biotechnology- A Movement yet to Take-off M.C.Arunan, Co-Chairperson, Biotechnology Research Committee, Indian Academy of Social Sciences. Brain Research & Cognitive Sciences Laboratory, Department of Life Sciences, Sophia College for women, Mumbai, India. e-mail: mcarunan@gmail.com A Convenient Introduction: Dramatic recent expansion of intellectual property protection in the field of biotechnology has led to concerns that ongoing innovation will be blocked unless action is taken to preserve access to and freedom to operate with those tools that are important for further research and development. The ”open source” approach to technology licensing, development and commercialization evolved out of the free software movement, initiated in the early 1980s in response to restrictive copyright licensing practices adopted by commercial software developers. This approach offers a means of reconciling the public interest in broad access to software development tools with the economic self interest of intellectual property owners. Building on discussions with public and private sector industry participants, funding agencies, leaders of the free and open source software movement and scholars in a range of disciplines, we propose to assess the desirability and feasibility of extending open source principles to biotechnology research and development. Some argue that ”open source biotechnology” is both desirable and broadly feasible, and demonstrates that many of the essential elements of an embryonic open source movement are already present in this field. The tragedy of the anticommons: Where property rights on multiple components of a single technology are owned by a number of separate entities, the development and commercialisation of new products requires co-ordination among many different actors. In a transaction cost-free world, where everyone has perfect knowledge and there are no impediments or costs associated with negotiation, this would pose no problem because property rights would be transferred through private bargaining to the entity that values them the most. But in reality, transaction costs are positive, and the greater the number and complexity of negotiations, the higher the transaction costs. Michael Heller has described the situation where multiple owners each have a right to exclude others from using a scarce resource as a ”tragedy of the anticommons”: if owners are unable to negotiate successfully for the bundling of rights so that someone has an effective privilege of use, the resource may be underused and the total potential value of the rights (private and social) may not be realized. Heller’s theory of anticommons tragedy is not a new idea, but a restatement of a problem familiar to economists – that of co-ordinating complementary assets in a high technology setting. The concept of asset complementarity (possession of one asset has an effect on the marginal value of another asset) is highly relevant to biotechnology research and development because effective co-ordination can be particularly valuable during times of rapid technological change or in complex systems industries – both characteristics of the biotechnology industry – yet is made more difficult by additional uncertainty or complexity.5 It is therefore unsurprising that it appears frequently in discussions of the likely impact of intellectual property rights in biotechnology. The first application of Heller’s theory in biotechnology was in the biomedical context. In a 1998 paper in the journal Science, Heller and Eisenberg pointed to the proliferation of small-scale intellectual property rights in biomedical research since the 1980s as an example of the tragedy of the anticommons: when users need access to multiple patented inputs in order to create a single useful product, granting too many property rights upstream stifles socially valuable innovations further downstream in the course of research and product development. ”Anticommons” terminology has since been applied to similar concerns regarding agricultural biotechnology and Biomedicine for three reasons. The first is that biomedicine and agriculture are the most advanced (in terms of product development) and economically significant sectors of the biotechnology industry to date. The second is that the two fields are interesting to compare because they are closely related in terms of both the technology and the types of institutions involved, yet distinct in that they are differently funded, commercial products are aimed at different end consumers, and they are supported by different research and development communities. Finally, the legitimate end goals of biomedical and agricultural research – health and food security – are by far the most pressing concerns of the poor, who make up a large majority of the world’s population. Further,the concept of ”scientific progress” was originally intimately connected with an ideal of science pursued as a public good in the public interest. To the extent that privatisation of life sciences research and development undermines the global public interest, even a rapid rate of technical innovation could therefore not be described as ”progress” in this sense. Ref: Hope, J.E., (2004) Ph.D Thesis, Australian National Univ. A Community Agenda for Sci-Tech Innovation Satyajit Rath , National Institute of Immunology , Aruna Asaf Ali Road , New Delhi 110067, E-mail: satyajit@nii.res.in In the context of India's accession to the WTO regime, a great deal of heated discussion has been generated in public discourse. Opinions both emphatically for and against the product patent regime have been aired at length, and both ideological and pecuniary motives have been alleged and disparaged with exemplary vim. Yet, a major issue for science and society, - one that has, like the poor, always been with us and should have, like the poor, come to the forefront of public concern in the present context of the market-driven state, - is notable by its complete absence from the arena. This issue is the design of policies that would foster scientific creation. It is assumed by all sides in the present debates, if for a disparate variety of often somewhat dubious reasons, that scientific creativity forms the bedrock on which long-term societal progress depends, and yet, little thought has been given to looking afresh at the ways and means by which scientific creation may best be promoted today. Societal support of scientific research has two separate and distinct, although linked, objectives. The first objective is the acquisition of sufficient understanding of issues and problems to provide inputs into the making of public policy. This objective is fulfilled by public-sector and/or non-profit autonomous organizations such as universities and research institutions. Examples would be, say, a sophisticated understanding of biodiversity so that sustainable management of the biosphere can be better designed for the continued public good, a detailed understanding of the ways in which climate changes occur so that food and agriculture policies may be optimally designed, or the comprehension of cause-and-effect relationships in health and disease so that policies of public health, nutrition and workplace management may be best suited to public needs. For the fulfillment of this objective, it is necessary that the results of such research possess a high level of predictive credibility. As scientific understanding improves, it has become more and more apparent that purely reductionist paradigms, in which small problems could be examined in isolation, are unlikely to be adequate for this purpose. It is therefore essential that cooperation in the scientific community on a far wider scale than has been the case so far is critical if major advances are to be expected. Yet, the current contours of the scientific enterprise are defined by competitive notions of exclusive discovery. Are there spaces to be found in which new, more intimately cooperative modes of scientific enquiry can be initiated? The second objective of societal support for scientific research is the generation of new or usefully altered technologies for the public good. Newly developed technologies are meaningful only if they are manufactured and become available. Since a dominant pathway for manufacture and wide distribution is via the marketplace, successful development of new technologies can bring in profits. Manufacture and distribution are undertaken because they bring in profits, and in the process stimulate the economy, generate jobs, and contribute to national economic development. However, this avenue is entirely dependent on a market economy, and provides little if any significant benefit for those citizens who cannot effectively participate with dignity in the marketplace because of limitations such as poverty, lack of employment, and/or lack of empowerment. How are research and innovation policies to be designed so that technologies providing substantial benefit to the underprivileged are created and used? This is a crucial question since the bulk of innovative research on which technologies are based is still carried out the world over in public sector research institutions (especially in the expanding biotech sphere). It is certainly possible to take such a discussion into pathways for 'combating' the more reprehensible effects of, say, product patents. Formal efforts at 'patent-busting' would come to mind in this connection. But this would be a reactive approach in the main though not entirely, and would not properly explore the new strengths of the globally interconnected scientific community. What is needed is to explore new ways of establishing 'innovation commons', in which new technologies and methodologies are developed by cooperative communities. Information technology provides a stellar example of this kind. Yet, IT is somewhat unique in being an area where the artifacts to be used take relatively little capital-intensive manufacture. Is it possible to design such approaches for other areas of the scientific enterprise such as, say, the life sciences and biotech? What sort of shapes might such efforts need to take in order to succeed? Indeed, what would 'success' mean for such endeavours? Is it possible to envisage ways by which artifacts can be developed and reach the community without industrial mediation? Is it possible that such efforts may lead to entirely new ways of discovery? It is essential that public discourse begins to grapple with such questions and possibilities. A possible example in this context would be the development of useful crop varieties in the agribiotech sector. The bulk of 'innovative technology' in this arena currently appears focused on making genetically modified crops (GMOs, so to say), a technology that is patent-protected by the MNC sector. An interesting step away from this corporate model of agribiotech development has been the establishment of an 'open source biology' platform, centered around new, unpatented microbes useful for making transgenic plants. However, such a 'free source' approach still depends on the manufacturing sector for market delivery of products. Also, it still involves making transgenic crops, which is a technology replete with implementation difficulties of both the political and the environmental kind. One alternate possibility that is being discussed globally is to take advantage of the growing ability to sequence the entire genetic sequence of individual organisms at steadily declining expense. The incorporation of such a step in traditional plant breeding for advantageous traits can allow the breeding programmes to overcome some of the major obstacles to creating crop varieties with advantageous traits that breed true so that seed can be re-used. It would allow the identification of combinations of genes that confer a particular trait and thus allow reliable selection of varieties with combinations of many advantageous traits, and it would even allow the creation of carefully engineered crops in which the introduced gene form providing advantage is not from some other species but from the host crop itself. Such a programme would be of relatively little interest to the mega-profit-sector since farmers can re-use seed. It would require little by way of a manufacturing intermediary, since experimentally generated seed can simply be handed out to be bred by farmers themselves. And it is a programme that would demand a large-scale cooperative global effort between farmer groups, breeders and scientists. Farmer groups would need to provide the necessary inputs critical for prioritization of focus, as well as participating in the field trials involved. Breeders would need to collect and maintain source varieties and carry out careful breeding. Scientists must, on the other hand, generate new ways of handling and interpreting the large mass of data that sequencing-assisted breeding would yield, - essentially, cutting-edge science would result from the enterprise as well. This is not to say that there are no difficulties with this approach, or that it is a sure recipe for success, - it is neither. Rather, it is to suggest a possible example of ways in which the framework of present-day science and technology can be re-cast and used in innovative ways for cooperative generation of useful knowledge. Do similar possibilities exist in the area of drug discovery? Clearly, there is a sense of impending doom about the currently mainstream model of drug discovery, in which large pharma (or small entrepreneurial biotech) use large-scale drug search methods that are still mostly empirical although the component of molecular biological causality has gone up in recent years. The output of new drugs is steadily declining. This is in part due to a version of the 'worked-over field' problem, and in part due to the empirical nature of the process which mandates very large-scale efforts, leading major pharma to 'not bother' about drugs that will not provide large-scale, enduring sales and profits over the entire duration of the patent protection and beyond. Thus, a globally collaborative public domain model of drug discovery would be attractive. However, unlike IT, or even the agribiotech example earlier, both the discovery process and the dissemination of artifacts are currently capital-intensive processes. One way of making the discovery process less capital-intensive is to distribute costs by using parallel processing, in which the efforts of large numbers of public-domain centres would generate the actual data. A reduction in the empirical nature of the process can be imagined using the growing ability noted earlier to generate large amounts of global-scale genomic-proteomic data couple to the steadily growing (though still inadequate) predictive power of open-source in silico modeling. None of these components of the discovery process are available in ready-made fashion. Once again, prioritization of focus will depend critically on patient, consumer and public-health activist groups in civil society, as well any successful transparent clinical trials of the outcomes. Thus, the approach can result in the creation of both cutting-edge science and of a public-interest transparent approach to drug discovery and validation. However, drug production for dissemination will require access to the capital-intensive industrial process that is currently not available in the public-sector, public-interest domain. New ways of non-exclusive licensing, possibly coupled to ways of addressing the issue of costs, will need to be explored. Thus, none of these possibilities in public scitech innovation can be addressed by a single process model, making it imperative that the issues involved be discussed in detail in public discourse if outcomes favorable to social empowerment are to result.

Chairpersons And Conveners of Seminars Symposia Ad Hoc Group Discussions

XXXI INDIAN SOCIAL SCIENCES CONGRESS CHAIRPERSONS AND CONVENERS OF SPECIAL SEMINARS / SYMPOSIA / COLLOQUIA (A) National Seminar / Symposia / 1. Indian Peoples’ Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society Convener: Dr. Sumit Chaudhari Flat 2K, 26 Prince Anwar Shah Road Kolkata-700033 Tel: 033-65131407, M: 09830249430 E-mail: sumit_chowdhury@yahoo.com 2. Peoples Scence Movements For Equitable Society Convener : Dr. Dinesh Abrol National Institute of Science Technology Development K. S. Krishna Marg, Pusa Gate, New Delhi 110012 Tel: M: 0-9868242691 E-mail: ap1966@hotmail.com; dinesh.abrol@gmail.com 3. Dalit Peoples’ Struggle And Movement foe Equitable Society Convener- ` Dr. K. Ingole Reader Centre For Ambedkar Studies P.G. Dehartment of Economics SNDT Women’s University 1, Smt Nathibai Thackersey Road, Mumbai-400020 E-mail: ksingole@@indiatins.com Tel: 022-28679403, M: 09892270471 4. Women’s Struggles and Movement for Gender-Dissemination-free Equitable Society Chairperson: Dr. Veena R. Poonacha Director Research Centre For Women Studies SNDT Women’s University, Sri Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Santacruz West (W) Mumbai-400020 Tel: 022-28474565, M:0-9223417701 E-mail: veena_poonacha@yahoo.co.uk 5. Peoples Struggls And Movements For secular Society Chairman: Prof. Asghar Ali Engineer Centre for Study of Society And Secularism, 9 B, Himalaya Aptrs, 1st Floor, 6th Road, TPS III Opp. Dena Bank, Santacruz (E) Mumbai-400055 Tel: 022-2663086(R), 022-26149668(O), M: 0-9869446999 E-mail: csss@mtnl.net.in Convener: Sri Irfan Engineer Bhartiya Vidya Bhawan, Munshi Nagar, Bhavana College Campus Dadabhai Road, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400 058 E-mail: irfansan@hotmail.com M: 0-9869462837 6. Youths’ Movements And Struggles For Equitable Society (Second All India Young Scientists Convention) Convener Dr. Chandra Kant Puri Professor & Director Centre for Distance Education, SNDT Women’s University Sri Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Juhu Road, Santacruz(W), Mumbai-400049 Tel: 022-26609829, Fax: 022-26604759, M: 0-9819056444 E-mail: cdesndt@vsnl.net; chandrakantpuri@yahoo.co.in 7, Peasants Struggles And Movements For Equitable Society Convener : _ 8. Peoples Struggles And Movements For Rights to Information Convener: Shri Shailesh Gandhi, Bombay E-mail: shaileshgan@gmail.com (B) International Seminars/Symposia/Colloquia 1. Peoples’ Liberation Struggles and Movements Across the World (Asia, Africa and Latin America) for Equitable Society Chairman: Sri S.P. Shukla President-elect Indian Academy of Social Sciences D-3/3260, Sector D, Vasant Kunj New Delhi-110070 E-mail: manjuspshukla@gmail.com Tel: 011-26897089 Convener: Sri Vijay Pratap, 147-A Uttarakhand Jawaharlal Nehru University. New Delhi-110067 Tel: 011-26102638, M: 0-9313344402 E-mail: vijaypratap@vsnl.net 2. International Working Peoples/Trade Union Struggles And Movements for Equitable Society. Convener: Dr. Bharat Patankar Kasegaon Sangli District-415004 (Maharashtra) Tel: 02342-239212, 239241, M: 0-9823181569 E-mail: gailomvedt@yahoo.com 3. International Peoples Movements for Protection of Rights of Children Chairperson: Dr. Smriti Swarup Centre For Special Education, SNDT Women’s University, Juhu Campus, Juhu Tara Road Mumbai-400 049 E-mail: drsmritiswarup@yahoo.com0.0 (C) Special Symposia/Colloquia 1. The Planet Earth: Peoples, Society And Science Chairman: Dr. Anshu Kumar Sinha B-602, Vigyhan Vihar G H 19, Sector 56 Gurgaon 122011 (Haryana) E-mail: anshuksinha@gmail.com M: 09891383991 Convener : Sri . Pamposh Kumar Scientist ‘D’ NCSTC Division, Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology Technology Bhawan, New Mehrauli Road NEW DELHI – 110001 E-mail : pamposh.kumar@gamil.com Tel : 011-26590473 (O), 011-24366478 2. The Science of Global Warming `Convener: Dr. Satya Sevaraman Delhi Platform 482, Mandakini Enclave Greater Kailash, Part II, New Delhi E-mail: satyasagar@gmail.com M: 0-9818514952 3. From the Paradigm of Mal-Development To The Paradigm of Peoples Development Chairman: Prof. Meher H. Engineer Vice-President Indian Academy of Social Sciences Bose Institute of Physics, 93/1, A.P.C. Road Kolkata 700009 E-mail: mengineer2003@yahoo.com Tel: 033-22286089 Convener: Prof. Abhee Dutta Mazumdar Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, High Energy Physics Division 1/AS, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata-700064 Tel: E-mail: tasam.mail@gmail.com; abheedm@gmail.com; 4. The Socio-Economic Implication of Special Economic Zones Chairman : Prof. Satish K. Jain Centre for Economic Studies & Planning School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi-110067 E-mail: satishjain@hotmail.com Tel: 011-26704443 M: 09868645515